UNIT 2 Chapter 1 Lesson 11 /s/

LESSON 10 /s/

HOW TO PRONOUNCE

  1. The tip of the tongue is raised up behind the back part of the upper teeth.
  2. The tip of the tongue does not touch behind the back part of the upper teeth.
  3. The side part of the tongue is touching the middle and back part of the upper teeth.
  4. The air passes through the center part of the tongue.

COMMON JAPANESE MISTAKE

Usually Japanese people exchange /si/ and /ʃi/.

HOW TO DIFFERENTIATE /si/ and /ʃi/
/si/ /ʃi/
Imagine smiling Imagine a pouting
Add a small (スィ)  

MINIMAL PAIRS /si/ /ʃi/

Highlight and click the word to listen to its pronunciation or click the play button to listen to all the words.(only in PC)
Read and listen to the differences between /æ/ and /ɑ/

Test your listening skill by asking someone to RANDOMLY read a word and try to guess which word was read.
/si/ /ʃi/
sea /sí:/ she /ʃí:/
seat /sí:t/ sheet /ʃí:t/
sin /sín/ shin /ʃín/
sip /síp/ ship /ʃíp/

LET US PRACTICE /s/

Practice pronouncing the /æ/ sound using the words below. 

HOW TO PRACTICE

  1. LISTEN to the audio file.
  2. COPY how the words are pronounced.
  3. SLOWLY read the words.
  4. LOOK at your mouth and tongue movement using a MIRROR.
  5. ALWAYS practice.
TWO-SYLLABLE WORDS /s/

INITIAL

  1. simple
    /símpl/
  1. Siri
    /sí:ri/
  1. sifted
    /síftid/

MEDIAL

  1. basis
    /béisis/
  1. tonsil
    /tɑ́:nsl/
  1. assist
    /əsíst/

FINAL

  1. necklace
    /néklis/
  1. police
    /pəlíːs/
  1. tennis
    /ténis/
THREE-SYLLABLE WORDS /si/

INITIAL

  1. cereal
    /síɚri:əl/
  1. cinema
    /sínimə/
  1. simplify
    /símplifai/

MEDIAL

  1. recipe
    /résipi:/
  1. sensitive
    /sénsitiv/
  1. possible
    /pɑ́sibl/

LET’S PHRASE IT 

  1. sick sister
    /sik sístɚ/
  2. see the sea
    /sí: ðə síː/
  3. sing the signal
    /síŋ ðə síɡnəl/
  4. Sia’s sixth sense
    /síəz síksθ séns/

TONGUE TWISTER

Sia sees her sixth sister by the sea. 
/síə síːz hɚ ˈsiksθ sistər ˈbai ðə ˈsiː/