Unit 2 Chapter 1 Lesson 1 /r/

LESSON 1 /r/

HOW TO PRONOUNCE /r/

  1. Imagine (), lips are ROUNDED.
  2. Tongue is curling (NOT TOO MUCH CURLED),
  3. or tongue is pulled back
  4. Produce a sound (like a SORE THROAT sound)

LET US WARM-UP

Pronounce the sounds slowly. Look at your mouth in the mirror.

SOUNDS MOUTH FORMATION TONGUE MOVEMENT
/rrrr/   or
/rrrr/ /ɑ/, /rrrrɑ/ 1. 2. 1.2.

/rrrr/ /i/, /rrrri/

1. 2. 1.2.

/rrrr/ /u/, /rrrru/

1. 2. 1.2.

/rrrr/ /e/, /rrrre/

1. 2. 1.2.

/rrrr/ /ɔ/, /rrrrɔ/

1. 2. 1.2.

COMMON JAPANESE MISTAKES

Usually students pronounced this as /l/ or a tap sound /ɾ/. We have to remember that LIPS are ROUNDED, and the TIP of the TONGUE NEVER TOUCHES the ROOF of the MOUTH.

MINIMAL PAIRS /r/ /l/

Highlight and click the word to listen to its pronunciation or click the play button to listen to all the words.(only in PC)
Read and listen to the differences between /r/ and /l/

Test your listening skill by asking someone to RANDOMLY read a word and try to guess which word was read.
/r/ /l/
right /ráit/ light /láit/
ramp /rǽmp/ lamp /lǽmp/
raw /rɔ́:/ law /lɔ́:/
row /róu/ low /lóu/

LET’S PRACTICE /r/

Practice pronouncing the /r/ sound using the words below. 

HOW TO PRACTICE

  1. LISTEN to the audio file.
  2. COPY how the words are pronounced.
  3. SLOWLY read the words.
  4. LOOK at your mouth and tongue movement using a MIRROR.
  5. ALWAYS practice.
TWO-SYLLABLE WORDS //
Highlight and click the word to listen to its pronunciation or click the play button to listen to all the words. (only in PC)

INITIAL

  1. rainy

/réini:/

  1. review

/rìvjú:/

  1. reveal

/riví:l/

MEDIAL

  1. orange

/ɔ́:rəndʒ/

  1. garage

/gərɑ́:ʒ/

  1. squirrel

/skwə́:rəl/

THREE-SYLLABLE WORDS //
Highlight and click the word to listen to its pronunciation or click the play button to listen to all the words. (only in PC)

INITIAL

  1. realize

/ríəlaiz/

  1. removal

/rəmú:vəl/

  1. relative

/rélətiv/

MEDIAL

  1. correction

/kərékʃn/

  1. gorilla

/gərílə/

  1. caramel

/kǽrəməl/

LET’S PHRASE IT

Highlight and click the word to listen to its pronunciation or click the play button to listen to all the words. (only in PC)
  1. eerier and darker

/í:riɚ ənd dɑ́:ɚkɚ/

  1. the archer’s error

/ði ɑ́:ɚtʃɚz érɚ/

  1. bribery and burglary

/bráibəri ənd bɚ:gləri/

  1. rearing a rare bird

/ríriŋ ə réɚ bɚ́:d/

TONGUE TWISTER

Highlight and click the word to listen to its pronunciation or click the play button to listen to all the words. (only in PC)

Aurora nurtured the reporter’s briar.

/ɔ:rɔ́:rə nɚ́:tʃɚd ðə rəpɔ́:ɚtɚz braiɚ/