UNIT 2 Chapter 1 Lesson 9 /f/

LESSON 16 /f/

HOW TO PRONOUNCE /f/

  1. The back part of the lower lip ALWAYS touches the upper teeth.
    下唇の後側の部分は常に上の歯に触れます。
  2. Lips are relaxed.
    唇はリラックスさせる。
  3. NEVER BITE your lower lip. 
    下唇を噛まない。

英語耳 p. 46 Lesson06に対応

COMMON JAPANESE MISTAKE

Students usually BITE their lower lip. 
生徒はたいてい下唇を噛みます。

Students usually pronounce /fu/ as /hu/ or a sound in between /fu/ and /hu/.

MINIMAL PAIRS /fu/ /hu/

Highlight and click the word to listen to its pronunciation or click the play button to listen to all the words.(only in PC)
Read and listen to the differences between /fu/ and /hu/

Test your listening skill by asking someone to RANDOMLY read a word and try to guess which word was read.
/fu/ /hu/
food /fu:d/ hood /hud/
/fu:z/* whose /hu:z/
foot /fut/ /hut/*
full /ful/ /hul/*
*No exact word representation. It is only written for practice.

LET US PRACTICE

Practice pronouncing the /f/ sound using the words below.

HOW TO PRACTICE

  1. LISTEN to the audio file.
  2. COPY how the words are pronounced.
  3. SLOWLY read the words.tr
  4. LOOK at your mouth and tongue movement using a MIRROR.
  5. ALWAYS practice.

TWO-SYLLABLE WORDS /f/

Highlight and click the word to listen to its pronunciation or click the play button to listen to all the words. (only in PC)

INITIAL

  1. footage : 映像, 絵, 画
    /fútidʒ/
  1. forehead : 額(ひたい), 前額部.
    /fɔ́ɚhed/
  1. football
    /fútbɔlː/

MEDIAL

  1. headphone
    /hédfòun/
  1. before
    /bifɔ́ɚ/
  1. handful : 手一杯、ひとつかみ、ひと握り
    /hǽndful/

FINAL

  1. enough
    /inʌ́f/
  2. relief : (苦痛・心配などの)除去、軽減、ほっとすること、安心
    /rilí:f/
  3. rainproof : 防水の
    /réinpru:f/

THREE-SYLLABLE WORDS /f/

Highlight and click the word to listen to its pronunciation or click the play button to listen to all the words. (only in PC)

INITIAL

  1. forever
    /fɚévɚ/
  1. forgiven : forgive の過去分詞, forgive (…を)許す
    /fɚgívn/
  1. photograph
    /fóutəgræf/

MEDIAL

  1. microphone : マイク
    /máikrəfoun/
  1. telephone
    /télifoun/
  1. laughable : おかしい、おもしろい、ばかばかしい、ばかげた
    /læfəbl/

FINAL

  1. paragraph : (文章の)節、段落
    /pærəgræf/
  2. waterproof : 防水の、水を通さない
    /wɔ:tɚpru:f/
  3. weatherproof : 風雨に耐える
    /wéðɚpru:f/

LET US PHRASE IT

Highlight and click the word to listen to its pronunciation or click the play button to listen to all the words. (only in PC)
  1. forever full : 永遠にいっぱい
    /fɚévɚ ful/
  2. for Philip and Fiona : フィリップとフィオナのために
    /fɚ filip ənd fiounə/
  1. fuzzy furry friend : あいまいな 毛皮でおおわれた 友達
    /fʌzi fə́ri frend/
  1. food for the four of us : 食べ物 その4人のための 私達(の)
    /fú:d fɚ ðə fɔ́ɚ əv ʌs/

TONGUE TWISTER

Highlight and click the word to listen to its pronunciation or click the play button to listen to all the words. (only in PC)

The foolish food vlogger foolishly forgot my child’s food. : その愚かな食べ物の映像ブロガーは愚かにも忘れた 私の食べ物を。
/ðə fú:liʃ fú:d vlɑ:gɚ fú:liʃli: fɚgɑ́:t mai tʃáilds fú:d/

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