UNIT 1 Chapter 3 Lesson 3 /ɑɚ/

LESSON 3 /ɑɚ/

COMMON SPELLING PATTERNS  

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ar                                   barn, car, are

HOW TO PRONOUNCE /ɑɚ/

/ɑ/

  1. Open your mouth but not rounded
  2. Imagine you are yawning
  3. The back part of your tongue moves down
  4. The sound is similar to (ア)

/ɚ/

  1. Lips are slightly rounded
  2. Side part of the lips are pushed back
  3. Tip of the tongue is curled up; OR
  4. Middle part of the tongue is pulled back
  5. Tip and middle of the tongue NEVER TOUCHES the roof of the mouth
  6. The side part of the tongue is touching the upper side part of the teeth
  7. This is an unaccented sound

英語耳p. 80

COMMON JAPANESE MISTAKE

Students usually pronounce this sound as /ɚ/  or /ɑ/

MINIMAL PAIRS /ɑɚ/ /ɑ/

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Read and listen to the differences between /
ɑɚ/and /ɑ/
Test your listening skill by asking someone to RANDOMLY read a word and try to guess which word was read.
/ɑɚ/ /ɑ/
heart /hɑ́ɚt/ hot /hɑ́:t/
cart /kɑ́ɚt/ cot /kɑ́:t/
dart /dɑ́ɚt/ dot /dɑ́:t/
shark /ʃɑ́ɚk/ shock /ʃɑ́:k/

Click here for /ɑɚ/  and /ɚ/ Minimal pairs (Unit 1 Chapter 3 Lesson 2 /ɚ/

LET US PRACTICE /ɑɚ/

Practice pronouncing the /ɚ/sound using the words below.

HOW TO PRACTICE

  1. LISTEN to the audio file.
  2. COPY how the words are pronounced.
  3. SLOWLY read the words.
  4. LOOK at your mouth and tongue movement using a MIRROR.
  5. ALWAYS practice.
TWO-SYLLABLE WORDS  /ɑɚ/
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INITIAL

  1. army

/ɑ́ɚmi:/

  1. armor

/ɑ́ɚmɚ/

  1. argue

/ɑ́ɚgju:/

MIDDLE

  1. party

/pɑ́ɚti:/

  1. market

/mɑ́ɚkət/

  1. parcel

/pɑ́ɚsᵊl/

THREE-SYLLABLE WORDS /ɑɚ/
Highlight and click the word to listen to its pronunciation or click the play button to listen to all the words. (only on PC)

INITIAL

  1. artery

/ɑ́ɚtəri:/

  1. archery

/ɑ́ɚtʃəri:/

  1. artisan

/ɑ́ɚtəzən/

LET US PHRASE IT

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  1. her car parts

/hɚ kɑ́ɚ pɑ́ɚts/

  1. a large park

/ə lɑ́ɚdʒ pɑ́ɚk/

  1. Carmen’s farm

/kɑ́ɚmənz fɑ́ɚm/

  1. farther than the market

/fɑ́ɚðɚ ðən ðə mɑ́ɚkət/

TONGUE TWISTER

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Carl’s carts are far from his farm.

/kɑ́ɚlz kɑ́ɚts ɑɚ fɑ́ɚ frəm hiz fɑ́ɚm/

Click here to download ALL the AUDIO FILES