UNIT 1 Chapter 3 Lesson 1 /ɚ:/

LESSON 1 /ɚ:/ 

COMMON SPELLING PATTERNS  

Highlight and click the word to listen to its pronunciation or click the play button to listen to all the words. (only on PC)

ur                                   curt, hurt, curve

ir                                     fir, bird, girl

er                                   per, serve, verb  

Source: (Mojsin, 2016)

HOW TO PRONOUNCE /ɚ:/ 

  1. Lips are slightly rounded
  2. Side part of the lips are pushed back
  3. Tip of the tongue is curled up; OR
  4. Middle part of the tongue is pulled back
  5. Tip and middle of the tongue NEVER TOUCHES the roof of the mouth
  6. The side part of the tongue is touching the upper side part of the teeth 
  7. This is an accented sound

英語耳 p. 76

Note: Accented schwa+r (/ɚ:/) is slightly different from unaccented schwa+r (/ɚ/). It is easier to understand if we listen to the word murmur /mɚ:mɚ/. The first syllable is pronounced higher than the second syllable.

COMMON JAPANESE MISTAKE

Students usually pronounce this sound as /ə/ or /ɑɚ/

MINIMAL PAIRS /ɚ:/ /ɑɚ/

Highlight and click the word to listen to its pronunciation or click the play button to listen to all the words.(only in PC)
Read and listen to the differences between /ɚ/and /ɑɚ/

Test your listening skill by asking someone to RANDOMLY read a word and try to guess which word was read.
/ɚ:/ /ɑɚ/
fur /fɚ́:/ far /fɑ́ɚ/
cur /kɚ́:/ car /kɑ́ɚ/
perk /pɚ́:k/ park /pɑ́ɚk/
firm /fɚ́:m/ farm /fɑ́ɚm/

LET US PRACTICE /ɚ:/

Practice pronouncing the /ɚ:/sound using the words below. 

HOW TO PRACTICE

  1. LISTEN to the audio file.
  2. COPY how the words are pronounced.
  3. SLOWLY read the words.
  4. LOOK at your mouth and tongue movement using a MIRROR.
  5. ALWAYS practice.
TWO-SYLLABLE WORDS /ɚ:/ 
Highlight and click the word to listen to its pronunciation or click the play button to listen to all the words. (only on PC)

INITIAL

  1. urchin
/ɚ́:tʃin/
  1. urban

/ɚ́:bən/

  1. earthquake
/ɚ́:θkweik/
 

MIDDLE

  1. murmur

/mɚ́:mɚ/

  1. hurry

/hɚ́:ri/

  1. person

/pɚ́:sn/

THREE-SYLLABLE WORDS /ɚ:/
Highlight and click the word to listen to its pronunciation or click the play button to listen to all the words. (only in PC)

INITIAL

  1. urgency

/ɚ́:gənsi/

  1. earnestly

/ɚ́:nistli:/

  1. earlier

/ɚ́:liɚ/

MIDDLE

  1. certainly

/sɚ́:tnli/

  1. thirtieth

/θɚ́:tiəθ/

  1. virtual
/vɚ́:tʃuəl/

LET US PHRASE IT

Highlight and click the word to listen to its pronunciation or click the play button to listen to all the words. (only in PC)
  1. a worried girl

 wɚ́rid gɚ́:l/

  1. work earlier

/wɚ́:k ɚ́:liɚ/

  1. the service person

/ðə sɚ́vis pɚ́:sən/

  1. the conservative worker

/ðə kənsɚ́:vətiv wɚ́:kɚ/

TONGUE TWISTER

Highlight and click the word to listen to its pronunciation or click the play button to listen to all the words. (only in PC)

Girly and Pearly curled Carl’s curly hair.

/gɚ́:li: ənd pɚ́:li: kɚ́:ld kɑ́ɚlz kɚ́:li: héɚ/

 

Click here to download ALL the AUDIO FILES f